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Departure of the Italian occupation army from Corfu in September 1923. In this way the tension between the two countries on 31 August 1923 due to the assassination of the Italian General Tellini and his four companions at Kakavia, Epirus, was appeased.


The Mid-War Period
The military coup of 1923

The impact of the Asia Minor catastrophe caused a number of chain reactions in the interior of the country. The fall of the standards of living of the middle classes and the general discontent from the course of national developments are reflected in the new orientation of reformation and democratic parties, founded during this period. A dominant role in these was played by figures that have departed from Venizelos' camp,

On 31 August the Italian General Tellini and his four companions were assassinated at Kakavia, Epirus. The Italians responded with the bombardment and occupation of Corfu. With the departure of the Italian occupation army in September 1923, the tensions between the two countries wore off.

The transfer with a transport ship to Piraeus of the arrested army officers who had participated in the coup - Ekdotike Athenon, Athens The proclamation of elections for 16 December 1923, with an electoral system favoring the transfer of authority to a parliament controlled by the Liberals and friendly disposed towards the Revolutionary Committee, triggered a coup of army officers in October 1923.

Its major instruments (mainly anti-Venizelists) were those who felt that they were put to the margin by the looming electoral developments. Its leaders, Generals Leonardopoulos and Gargalidis, failed to achieve their aims and their coup was immediately suppressed.

However, the coup acquired some importance because it reinforced opponent forces (especially the organization of the Military League), which in their turn took an active part in the process of resolving the constitutional issue. The Republicans, a group of army officers in co-operation with politicians such as Alexandros Papanastasiou, having established their position against the moderate Liberals (among them Eleftherios Venizelos), accused King George for complicity in the coup and demanded his departure from the country. Top



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