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Eleftherios Venizelos (1864-1936)


The Mid-War Period
The last Eleftherios Venizelos government

Eleftherios Venizelos returned to the political scene, after a five-year absence, and triumphantly carried the day in the election of 19 August 1928. The next four years are a singularity in the continuous fluidity of governmental groupings of the inter-war period, as the political balance is preserved until the resignation of the old statesman in May 1932.

17 October 1928. Eleftherios Venizelos reads the outline of his government policy in the opening session of the Parliament that resulted from the elections of 19 August 1928. Two days later I. Tsirimokos was elected President of Parliament - Museum "Historical Memory of Eleftherios Venizelos" in AthensDespite the impressive moves of Venizelos in the field of foreign policy (Friendship Agreement with Turkey), his governing in the interior of the country did not have the expected appeal. At the beginning of 1930 ideological gaps that had divided the two blocs in earlier times, have been bridged to a certain extent. What remained alive though in the conscience of the electoral body was the memory of the Schism.

By this term, the process of division of the Greek people, already from the mid 1910s, into two conflicting blocs (Venizelists and Royalists), concerning the crucial issue of the participation of the country in the First World War is described. This conflict revived in the inter-war period, on new terms. Most important among these was accumulated emotional charge, being the result of multiple contentions and mutual distrust.

Undoubtedly, this last government by Venizelos had significant achievements to demonstrate in the field of domestic economic Timelinereconstruction. However the world economic debacle of 1929 and the depression it had brought about, had a lasting and cumulative impact. The economic policy adopted by the government, under the weight of the consequences of international depression, caused strong reaction that led to an internal political polarization. Especially the charges addressed against the government by the opposition, mainly by the People's Party, for embezzlement and squandering of public money contributed to this climate. Top



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